What are the characteristics of auto parts and its supply chain
Auto parts refer to the unit parts that make up a whole car and the products that can make the car work normally. The auto parts mentioned in this article mainly refer to the parts used for car after-sales service, including car maintenance and maintenance parts, then Let's learn about the characteristics of auto parts and its supply chain!
After a car rolls off the production line, it is delivered to the customer. As the distance traveled by a car increases, auto parts will go through periods of wear, stability and severe wear. In the period of severe wear and tear, the technical condition of the vehicle gradually deteriorates, the power and stability decrease, the failure rate increases, and the reliability decreases. In addition, due to the failure of certain aspects of the car, the entire car cannot be used, and the aging and wear of auto parts with time and driving distance is inevitable. In addition, in the use of automobiles, due to the driver's negligence and other factors, some auto parts are damaged by impact. In order to ensure the normal use of the car, it is necessary to carry out regular maintenance and repairs on the car. During the maintenance and repair process, it is necessary to replace the broken parts that are aging and malfunctioning, therefore, the repair shop has the right parts to meet the needs of customers.
The supplier of auto parts plays a very important role in the after-sales service of the car. On the other hand, the maintenance and maintenance of the car cannot be separated from the replacement of new parts. Based on the safety of the car, basically replace the parts directly when there is a fault. Rarely are parts used after they have been repaired. Replacing a customer without the right part can have a big impact on customer satisfaction. On the other hand, OEMs are working hard to promote four-body integrated sales companies in order to let customers buy brand vehicles. In order to maintain the operation of the 4S system and maintain the operation of the after-sales service department, OEMs mainly support the operation of their own brand automotive aftermarket service network in the form of parts handover. Therefore, auto parts are an important part of auto service.
1) The auto parts supply chain process is too long
First of all, a complete vehicle is composed of tens of millions of parts, which are all manufactured by different parts manufacturers. In addition, since parts are individual parts, subassemblies made up of parts, and subassemblies made up of subassemblies, the organizational chains that employ part supply chains are very long. In addition, there are many parts suppliers' houses, and we are very spacious. The suppliers are distributed in different regions, and some of them need to be imported. The supply plan of the organization department's parts becomes very complicated, the production preparation and transportation cycle will inevitably become longer, and the entire production cycle will become longer, resulting in longer processing time in the auto parts supply chain and increased difficulty in logistics organization. The flexibility of the demand for parts becomes smaller, the inventory becomes higher, and the cost of the whole process is increased, which brings great inconvenience to the automobile logistics.
2) Auto parts logistics standards urgently need to be unified
Due to the wide variety and different shapes of auto parts, and the physical characteristics of many parts are also different, so the requirements for packaging, transportation, storage, and distribution are also different. These differences increase the difficulty when organizing logistics and distribution, and quality management becomes difficult.
In addition, in the supply chain management of auto parts in China, suppliers and manufacturers try their best to maintain their own products. Although they have appropriate management methods and code numbers, they have not realized the information system throughout all stages. Moreover, some suppliers The auto parts produced are scattered in the society and have not been included in the unified supplier system. The codes of their parts are more integrated, and the same labeling standards cannot be used from suppliers, manufacturers to customers. This does not realize the logistics in the parts supply chain. standard
Establishing a unified standard, standardized management, and standard coding system has become an inevitable requirement for auto parts logistics and supply chain under the current trend of logistics globalization and integration.
The above is the characteristics of auto parts and its supply chain. If you want to know more, please feel free to contact us!